Tendinitis and Repetitive strain injury

A tendon is a band or cord, which connects a muscle to a bone. Tendons are very smooth and strong, but through repetitive overuse, or with advancing age, they can become worn and weak. When a tendon becomes inflamed the medical name given to the condition is tendonitis. Common forms of tendonitis include: Achilles tendinitis, tennis or golfer’s elbow, jumper’s knee, and rotator cuff tendonitis. Repetitive strain injury (RSI), also called work-related upper limb disorder (WRULD), is a general term used to describe the pain caused to muscles, nerves and tendons by repetitive movement and overuse. The condition mostly affects parts of the upper body, such as the forearm, elbow, wrist, hands, neck and shoulders.RSI is usually associated with doing a particular activity repeatedly or for a long period of time. It often occurs in people who work with computers or carry out repetitive manual work. Up to one worker in 50 has reported an RSI condition.There are several medical conditions and injuries that can be classed as RSI and can be treated at Tyrrell Physiotherapy, Swords, Co. Dublin including the following:

  • Bursitis: inflammation and swelling of the fluid-filled sac near a joint at the knee, elbow or shoulder.
  • Carpal tunnel syndrome: pressure on the median nerve passing through the wrist.
  • Dupuytren’s contracture: a thickening of deep tissue in the palm of the hand and into the fingers.
  • Epicondylitis: inflammation of an area where bone and tendon join. An example of epicondylitis is tennis elbow.
  • Rotator cuff syndrome: inflammation of muscles and tendons in the shoulder.
  • Tendonitis: inflammation of a tendon.
  • Tenosynovitis: inflammation of the inner lining of the tendon sheath that houses tendons. Tenosynovitis most commonly occurs in the hand, wrist or forearms.
  • Ganglion cyst: a sac of fluid that forms around a joint or tendon, usually on the wrist or fingers.
  • Raynaud’s phenomenon: a condition where the blood supply to extremities, such as the fingers, is interrupted.
  • Thoracic outlet syndrome: compression of the nerves or blood vessels that run between the base of the neck and the armpit.
  • Writer’s cramp: part of a family of disorders known as dystonia that cause muscle spasms in the affected part of the body. Writer’s cramp occurs from overuse of the hands and arms
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